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Perimeter Institute Quantum Discussions

This series consists of weekly discussion sessions on foundations of quantum Theory and quantum information theory. The sessions start with an informal exposition of an interesting topic, research result or important question in the field. Everyone is strongly encouraged to participate with questions and comments.

Seminar Series Events/Videos

Speaker(s):
Scientific Areas:
TBA
Oct 18 2017 - 4:00pm
Room #: 405
Speaker(s):
Scientific Areas:

 

Wednesday Sep 06, 2017
Speaker(s): 

The theory of alphabits is a natural generalisation of approximate quantum error correction that proves fundamental to the study of asymptotic quantum resources. In particular, it leads to an asymptotically reversible variation on quantum teleportation, called zerobit teleportation, which decomposes qubits of communication into correlation and transmission components. They also naturally arise in the study of black holes with significant consequences for the nature of quantum error correction in AdS/CFT.

 

Wednesday Aug 09, 2017
Speaker(s): 

Transversality is one of the most desirable features of fault-tolerant circuits because it automatically limits the propagation of errors. However, it was shown by Eastin & Knill that no universal set of quantum gates on any quantum code is transversal. In this talk, we strengthen this result for stabilizer codes to say that transversal gates must in fact be contained in the Clifford hierarchy. Moreover, we present new circuits on Bacon-Shor codes that saturate our bounds.

 

Wednesday Jun 28, 2017
Speaker(s): 

A recent breakthrough in the condensed matter community is the identification and characterization of a rich set of ordered states, known as symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases. These phases are not only fascinating from the perspective of fundamental physics but have also found powerful applications in quantum computation. Very little is known about the thermal stability of SPT ordered systems, or whether their associated computational properties may survive at non-zero temperature.

 

Wednesday Jun 07, 2017
Speaker(s): 

We investigate the usefulness of ground states of quantum spin chains with symmetry-protected topological order (SPTO) for measurement-based quantum computation. We show that, in spatial dimension one, if an SPTO phase supports quantum wire, then, subject to an additional symmetry condition that is satisfied in all cases so far investigated, it can also be used for quantum computation. Joint work with Dongsheng Wang, Abhishodh Prakash, Tzu-Chieh Wei and David Stephen; See arXiv:1609.07549v1

 

Wednesday May 31, 2017
Speaker(s): 

Existing proposals for topological quantum computation have encountered

difficulties in recent years in the form of several ``obstructing'' results.

These are not actually no-go theorems but they do present some serious

obstacles. A further aggravation is the fact that the known topological

error correction codes only really work well in spatial dimensions higher

than three. In this talk I will present a method for modifying a higher

 

Wednesday May 24, 2017
Speaker(s): 

Given two sets X and Y, we consider synchronous correlations in a two-party nonlocal game with inputs X and outputs Y as a notion of generalized function between these sets (akin to a quantum graph homomorphism). We examine some structures in categories of synchronous classical, quantum, and nonsignalling strategies.

 

Wednesday Apr 26, 2017
Speaker(s): 

For a family of finite rate stabilizer codes, one can define two distinct error correction thresholds: the usual "block" threshold for the entire code, and the single-qubit threshold, where we only care about the stability of a single encoded qubit corresponding to a randomly chosen conjugate pair of logical X and Z operators.  Our main result is that in the case of erasures, for hyperbolic surface codes related to a {p,q} tiling of the hyperbolic plane, it is the latter threshold that coincides exactly with the infinite-graph edge percolation transition.  I will also

 

Wednesday Apr 19, 2017
Speaker(s): 

We prove that constant-depth quantum circuits are more powerful than their classical counterparts. We describe an explicit (i.e., non-oracular) computational problem which can be solved with certainty by a constant-depth quantum circuit composed of one- and two-qubit gates. In contrast, we prove that any classical probabilistic circuit composed of bounded fan-in gates that solves the problem with high probability must have depth logarithmic in the input size. This is joint work with Sergey Bravyi and Robert Koenig (arXiv:1704.00690).

 

Wednesday Mar 08, 2017
Speaker(s): 

As we get closer to build a quantum computer, the main remaining challenge is handling the noise that aflicts quantum systems.

Topological methods, in their various forms, have become the main contestants in the quest for succesfully overcoming noise. A good deal of their strength and versatility is due to their rather unique physical flavour, which keeps giving rise to surprising developments.

 

 

Thursday Feb 23, 2017
Speaker(s): 

Quantum Field Theories are interacting quantum systems described by an infinite number of degrees of freedom, necessarily living on an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space. Hence, many concepts from Quantum Information Theory have to be adapted before they can be applied to this setting. However, the task is worthwhile as we obtain new tools to understand the entanglement structure of theories describing the fundamental forces of nature. I will outline two approaches along this route, one bottom-down and one bottom-up strategy.

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