Quantum Fields and Strings

This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Fields and Strings.

Seminar Series Events/Videos

Currently there are no upcoming talks in this series.
 

 

Tuesday Mar 28, 2017
Speaker(s): 

Recently a boundary energy-momentum tensor Tzz has been constructed from the soft graviton operator for any 4D quantum theory of gravity in asymptotically flat space. Up to an "anomaly" which is one-loop exact, Tzz generates a Virasoro action on the 2D celestial sphere at null infinity. Here we show by explicit construction that the effects of the IR divergent part of the anomaly can be eliminated by a one-loop renormalization that shifts Tzz.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Mar 21, 2017
Speaker(s): 

The subject of quantum field theory in mixed states of quantum matter is an old and rich one. The natural setting to discuss field theory in a mixed state is the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism. The subject of this talk is the set of peculiar symmetries that arise in Schwinger-Keldysh theories, and how they may be accounted for in effective field theory. In particular, when the mixed state is thermal, the effective description is constrained by two BRST-like supercharges which, at low energies, generate an algebra akin to minimal supersymmetric quantum mechanics.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Wednesday Mar 15, 2017
Speaker(s): 

The conformal bootstrap aims to calculate scaling dimensions and correlation functions in various theories, starting from general principles such as unitarity and crossing symmetry.  I will explain that local operators are not independent of each other but organize into analytic functions of spin, and I will present a formula which quantifies the consequences of this fact.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Mar 07, 2017
Speaker(s): 

We study the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis in chaotic conformal field theories (CFTs) of arbitrary dimensions by computing the reduced density matrices of small size in energy eigenstates. We show that in the infinite volume limit this operator is well-approximated by a “universal” density matrix which is its projection to the primary operators that have nonzero thermal one-point functions. These operators in all two-dimensional CFTs and holographic higher-dimensional CFTs are the polynomials of stress tensor.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Feb 28, 2017
Speaker(s): 

I will discuss a new class of supersymmetric Wilson loop operators in pure N=2 Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory. These Wilson loops preserve one supercharge on-shell and wrap arbitrary Legendrian knots in the standard contact R^3.  I will also explain a relation, motivated by a global picture of contact three-manifolds, between these loop operators and chiral current algebra in two dimensions.  This talk is directly related to, but independent of, my preceding Friday talk in the Mathematical Physics seminar.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Feb 21, 2017
Speaker(s): 

In this talk I will discuss a new use for conformal field theory crossing equation in the context of AdS/CFT:  the computation of loop amplitudes in AdS, dual to non-planar correlators in holographic CFTs. I will revisit this problem and the dual 1/N expansion of CFTs, in two independent ways. The first is to show how to explicitly solve the crossing equations to the first subleading order in 1/N^2, given a leading order solution. This is done as a systematic expansion in inverse powers of the spin, to all orders.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Feb 07, 2017
Speaker(s): 

In the first part of the talk, I will explain how the lengths of non-minimal geodesics in AdS3 conical defect backgrounds can be interpreted as the entanglement entropy of certain subalgebras in the dual CFT. This part will be based on 1608.02040. In the second part of the talk, I will discuss how the Ryu-Takayanagi area term seems to be the analog of a certain edge term for EE in a gauge theory, and how one might try to test this. This part is more speculative.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Jan 24, 2017
Speaker(s): 

The moduli space of vacua of 3d N=4 gauge theories splits essentially into two ``branches”: the Higgs branch parametrised by the vevs of hypermultiplet scalars and the Coulomb branch parametrised by the vevs of dressed monopole operators. They can be described as complex algebraic varieties. I will present a new approach to the analysis of the Higgs and Coulomb branches based on the type IIB brane realisation of the gauge theory.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Tuesday Dec 13, 2016
Speaker(s): 

1. The notion of wall-crossing structure (as defined by Maxim Kontsevich and myself in arXiv: 1303.3253)
provides the  universal framework for description of different types of wall-crossing formulas (e.g. Cecotti-Vafa in 2d or KSWCF in 4d). It also gives
a language and tools for proving algebraicity and analyticity of arising generating series (e.g. for BPS invariants).

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

 

Friday Dec 09, 2016
Speaker(s): 

The past few years have seen a surge of interest in six-dimensional superconformal field theories (6D SCFTs). Notably, 6D SCFTs have recently been classified using F-theory, which relates these theories to elliptically-fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds. Classes of 6D SCFTs have remarkable connections to structures in group theory and therefore provide a physical link between two seemingly-unrelated mathematical objects. In this talk, we describe this link and speculate on its implications for future studies of 6D SCFTs.

Collection/Series: 
Scientific Areas: 

Pages