Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
Gauge theories are fundamental to our understanding of interactions between the elementary constituents of matter as mediated by gauge bosons. However, computing the real-time dynamics in gauge theories is a notorious challenge for classical computational methods. In the spirit of Feynman's vision of a quantum simulator, this has recently stimulated theoretical effort to devise schemes for simulating such theories on engineered quantum-mechanical devices, with the difficulty that gauge invariance and the associated local conservation laws (Gauss laws) need to be implemented.
Recent experiments in graphene heterostructures have observed Chern insulators - integer and fractional Quantum Hall states made possible by a periodic substrate potential. Here we study theoretically that the competition between different Chern insulators, which can be tuned by the amplitude of the periodic potential, leads to a new family of quantum critical points described by QED3-Chern-Simons theory.
Fisher Matrix for CMB continued
The conventional Euclidean time Monte Carlo approach to Lattice Field Theories faces a major obstacle in the sign problem in certain parameter regimes, such as the presence of a nonzero chemical potential or a topological theta-term. Tensor Network States, a family of ansatzes for the efficient description of quantum many-body states, offer a promising alternative for addressing Lattice Field Theories in the Hamiltonian formulation.
We give rigorous analytical results on the temporal behavior of two-point correlation functions (also known as dynamical response functions or Green’s functions) in quantum many body systems undergoing unitary dynamics. Using recent results from large deviation theory, we show that in a large class of models the correlation functions factorize at late times -> , thus proving that dissipation emerges out of the unitary dynamics of the system.
Harversting entanglement from the quantum vacuum
Key to characterizing universality in critical systems is the identification of the RG fixed point, which is very often a conformal field theory (CFT). We show how to use lattice operators that mimic the Virasoro generators of conformal symmetry to systematically extract, from a generic critical quantum spin chain, a complete set of the conformal data (central charge, scaling dimensions of primary fields, OPE coefficients) specifying a 2D CFT.
The theory of relativity associates a proper time with each moving object via its spacetime trajectory. In quantum theory on the other hand, such trajectories are forbidden. I will discuss an operation approach to exploring this conflict, considering the average time measured by a quantum clock in the weak-field, low-velocity limit. Considering the role of the clock’s state of motion, one finds that all ``good'' quantum clocks experience the time dilation prescribed by general relativity for the most classical states of motion.
We discuss recent progress in theory and experiment on emergent topological phases in Kitaev materials. Here the competition between different anisotropic spin-exchange interactions may lead to a number of exotic phases of matter. We investigate possible emergence of quantum spin liquid, topological magnons, and topological superconductivity in two and three dimensional systems. We make connections to existing and future experiments.
It is an open question how well tensor network states in the form of an infinite projected entangled-pair states (iPEPS) tensor network can approximate gapless quantum states of matter. In this talk we address this issue for two different physical scenarios: (i) a conformally invariant (2+1)d quantum critical point in the incarnation of the transverse-field Ising model on the square lattice and (ii) spontaneously broken continuous symmetries with gapless Goldstone modes exemplified by the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg and XY models on the square lattice.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series