The accuracy of finite quantum clocks: Fundamental constraints from dimension and thermodynamic considerations

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In this talk I will introduce recent research into quantum clocks of finite dimension, with the focus on their accuracy, as determined by their dimension, coherence, and power consumption.

I will present arguments to bound the synchronization time of any quantum clock as a function of its dimension. In addition, quantum coherence appears to be necessary to saturate these bounds, as the synchronization time of incoherent clocks is seen to have a worse bound. In addition, I will review simple proposals for autonomous clocks built out of thermal machines, and demonstrate that the power consumption of thermal clocks determines the limit of their accuracy. Finally, I will introduce an example of a finite quantum clock that is able to control any quantum operation up to a calculable accuracy, and discuss whether it represents a best case scenario for quantum clocks.